The indigenous of El Dorado County, California and can trace their ancestors to villages in El Dorado County to pre-Gold Rush days, back through the 1700s.  The  El Dorado County Indigenous are made up of the Southern Foothill Nisenan (Wopumnes of Coloma and Shingle Springs) and the Northern Sierra MeWuk (Pollock Pines and Camino) who were driven north to escape the settlers.  The two ethno-linguistic groups became the families recorded in Censuses back to the 1840's.  The firs Federal Census of California was 1852. 


Identifying themselves by village name before the town of Shingle Springs was built, the Wopumnes occupied

El Dorado County valleys and foothills from as far north as present day Auburn, west to Latrobe, east to Camino and south to the Cosumnes River. 

The Wompunes, Great-Great-Great -Great-Great-Great Grand Fathers signed the Treaty of Cosumnes River in 1851  which they were promised 25 square miles of El Dorado County land and 500 cows for welcoming

the settlers. 












The Gold Rush settlers called the El Dorado Natives "Digger" Indians because they would grind their acorns and buckeyes with stone mortars in grinding rocks found around the valley and foothills.

The Native families can be found  in El Dorado County museums, newspapers and history books as the  Nisenan-MeWuk Indians of El Dorado County and the "historic 1934 IRA Mewuk Tribe of the Shingle Springs Reservation", (not associated with Redhawk.) 


In 1906 the El Dorado County Indigenous were counted by Special Indian Agent, C. E. Kelsey in his "Census of  Non-Reservation California Indians" and then counted again in 1915 by Special Indian Agent John Terrell, who on behalf of  the US Government,  purchased 80 acre and 160 acre parcels of our ancestral lands, the

Shingle Springs Reservation  for the MeWuk Tribe to call home. 

Why aren't the Wopumnes on the Shingle Springs Rancheria?  There was a mix up at the Pacific BIA Office that the Department of Interior is sorting out.  We will be getting an answer soon.


  • Teach their children and the community about Nisenan-MeWuk history and spirituality.

  • Love and protect nature.  

  • Cultivation of  Native plants. 

  • Promote preservation of forests and waterways, fire prevention and weed clearing of public and private lands with goats.​​

  • Preserve Nisenan-Mewuk artifacts and  sacred sites such as the grinding rocks, cemeteries and trails 

  • found around El Dorado County and surrounding areas.

  • Dance, sing, play drums and flutes, and tell stories of their ancestors.

  • Information about the El Dorado Indigenous can be found in Museums throughout El Dorado County and you'll even find streets named after their families.

  • The real historic Nisenan-Mewuk Indians of El Dorado County love Agriculture, Forestry and Heritage Arts. 

  • The Wompunes don't own a casino.  They leave that to the Redhawk Casino Indians aka the Sutter County Verona-Sacramento River Indians who call themselves "Shingle Springs Miwok" though they have no history in El Dorado County until after 1970.  We guess they just like the Mewuk culture.​


So many names!  Mewuk, Miwuk, Miwok, Mewan, Meewan, are all different spellings of what the indigenous tribal people living on the California lands called themselves long before the settlers arrived. 

Real El Dorado Nisenan-MeWuk Indians can tell you stories about their ancestors and their reverence for the forests and rivers in their ancestral territory of  El Dorado County.  


They will happily show you their BIA issued Miwok ID (we call it the Buffalo Letter or Buffalo Card, for the Dept. of Interior Buffalo seal on it).  In 1928 it was the El Dorado County Mewuk who  brought about the California Indian Jurisdiction Act in 1928 that created those Miwok IDs. 

It is also the  El Dorado County Resident Tribal Nisenan-MeWuk families  who voted in the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act, which gave the El Dorado County Nisenan-Mewuks of gave Federal Recognized Tribe status that they are asking the Office of Acknowledgment to restore  (this does not include the current people the Sacramento-Verona Band  dba "Shingle Springs Miwok".  They are not an IRA Tribe and they were not resident to Shingle Springs or El Dorado County in 1934).

You can visit with the El Dorado County Nisenan-MeWuk in Coloma Park during Gold Rush days at the bark houses they built, roasting salmon at the fire pit and hosting a display of MeWuk cultural artifacts. 

Accept no substitutes ask for the real historic Nisenan-Mewuk Indians of El Dorado County .